On October 1, this year, the Lodz Region Spatial Planning Office concluded an agreement with Pheno Horizon for the preparation of an expert opinion. ESTIMATION OF COSTS AND BENEFITS FOR THE METROPOLITAN AREA OF ŁÓDŹ ARISING FROM THE CREATION OF THE BIPOLAR SYSTEM. The expertise aimed to estimate the observed and anticipated costs and benefits for the development of the Łódź Metropolitan Area resulting from the creation of a bipolar system with the Warsaw metropolitan area. The costs and benefits will be developed in three variants – a neutral scenario (maintaining the current development trends), a pessimistic scenario (consolidation of the current and new negative development factors), and an optimistic scenario (increasing the dynamics of development through the appearance of new development stimuli).

The research involved people who had a real impact on the development of the studied area. The following persons took part in the questionnaire interviews:

Deputy Minister, Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Infrastructure and Development, Warsaw Deputy Marshal of the Łódź Province, Marshal’s Office, Łódź Secretary of the Łódź Province of the Marshal’s Office, Łódź Deputy Mayor of the City of Łódź, Łódź Vice President of the Association of Polish Town Planners, Warsaw Deputy Director of the Mazovian Regional Planning Office, Warsaw President of the Łódź Regional Development Board S.A., Łódź Director of the Advisory Department for Business and Public Sector Łódzka Agencja Rozwoju Regionalnego S.A., Łódź Senior Specialist Masovian Regional Planning Office in Warsaw, Warsaw Senior Designer Spatial Planning Office of the Łódź Voivodeship, Łódź Director of the European Funds and Economic Development Office Warsaw City Hall, Warsaw Director of the Strategy Department, City of Łódź Office, Łódź Director of the Development and Entrepreneurship Office of the City of Łódź Office, Łódź Chief Designer of the Study of the Conditions and Directions of the Economy donation of the Spatial City of Łódź Miejska Pracownia Urbanistyczna, Łódź / Gdańsk Senior Designer, Miejska Pracownia Urbanistyczna, Łódź Journalist, journalist “Liberte!”, Warsaw Journalist of the Economic Department “Gazeta Wyborcza”, Warsaw / Łódź

As a result of expert work, ten recommendations were developed by the team consisting of: Prof. University of Lodz, dr hab. Marcin Wójcik – Content manager dr Karolina Dmochowska-Dudek – social geographer mgr inż. arch. Małgorzata Grodzicka-Kowalczyk – urban planner Maciej Kowalczyk – Project manager

Prof. dr hab. Andrzej Suliborski – content-related consultation Full document:

The presentation of the work and the results of the expert opinion are available here: BIPOLE_prezentacja.pdf